Brain

Mapping of somatostatin-28 (1-12) in the alpaca (Lama pacos) brainstem. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25754727

Butt, M. T., A. Weldon, D. Step, A. d. Lahunta & C. R. Huxtable (1991) Encephalitic listeriosis in two adult llamas (Lama glama): clinical presentations, lesions and immunofluorescence of Listeria monocytogenes in brainstem lesions. Cornell Veterinarian, 81, 251-258.

De Souza, E., M. L. Sánchez, L. Aguilar, Z. DÃaz-Cabiale, J. Narváez & R. Coveñas (2015) Mapping of somatostatin-28 (1-12) in the alpaca (Lama pacos) brainstem. Microsc Res Tech, 78, 363-74.

Ebensperger, G., R. Ebensperger, E. A. Herrera, R. A. Riquelme, E. M. Sanhueza, F. Lesage, J. J. Marengo, R. I. Tejo, A. J. Llanos & R. V. Reyes (2005) Fetal brain hypometabolism during prolonged hypoxaemia in the llama. Journal of Physiology, 567, 963-975.

Galleguillos, M., M. A. Valenzuela, R. Riquelme, E. Sanhueza, G. Sánchez, J. P. Figueroa & A. J. Llanos (2001) Nitric oxide synthase activity in brain tissues from llama fetuses submitted to hypoxemia. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 129, 605-614.

Gauly, M., J. Vaughan, S. K. Hogreve & G. Erhardt (2005) Brainstem auditory-evoked potential assessment of auditory function and congenital deafness in llamas (Lama glama) and alpacas (L. pacos). Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 19, 756-760.

Kiełtyka-Kurc, A., H. Frąckowiak, M. Zdun, M. Nabzdyk, K. Kowalczyk & M. Tołkacz (2014) The arteries on the base of the brain in the camelids (Camelidae). Italian Journal of Zoology, 81, 215-220.

Llanos, A. J., R. A. Riquelme, E. M. Sanhueza, E. Herrera, G. Cabello, D. A. Giussani & J. T. Parer (2002) Regional brain blood flow and cerebral hemispheric oxygen consumption during acute hypoxaemia in the llama fetus. Journal of Physiology, 538, 975-983.

Middleton, J. R. 2007. Camelid brain-teasers: a case-based approach. 301-303. Lakewood: American College of Veterinary Internal Medicine.

Rotman, M., M. M. Welling, M. L. van den Boogaard, L. G. Moursel, L. M. van der Graaf, M. A. van Buchem, S. M. van der Maarel & L. van der Weerd (2015) Fusion of hIgG1-Fc to 111In-anti-amyloid single domain antibody fragment VHH-pa2H prolongs blood residential time in APP/PS1 mice but does not increase brain uptake. Nucl Med Biol, 42, 695-702.

Sánchez, M. L., E. d. Souza, L. A. Aguilar & R. Coveñas (2018) Distribution of alpha-neoendorphin, ACTH (18-39) and beta-endorphin (1-27) in the alpaca brainstem. Anatomia Histologia Embryologia, 47, 481-492.

Trevino, G. S. & C. L. Alden (1972) 'Mucocytes' in the brain of a llama: a case report. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 8, 359-364.

Webb, A. A., C. L. Cullen & L. A. Lamont (2006) Brainstem auditory evoked responses and ophthalmic findings in llamas and alpacas in eastern Canada. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 47, 74-77.

Last Updated: 12.01.2020

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