Castration

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Anderson, D. E. 2013. "Injectable Anesthesia." Pp. 39-42. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
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Barrington, G. M., T. F. Meyer and S. M. Parish. 1993. "Standing Castration of the Llama Using Butorphanol Tartrate and Local Anesthesia." Equine Practice 15(5):35-39.
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Byers, S. R., S. M. Parish, S. P. Holmes, S. L. Donahoe and G. M. Barrington. 2007. "A Fungal Granuloma of the Frontal Sinus in a Llama." Canadian Veterinary Journal 48(9):939-41.
Dargatz, D. A. and L. W. Johnson. 1987. "Castrating the Llama: A Step-by-Step Guide." Veterinary Medicine 82(6):625-27.
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Duncanson, G. R. 2012. "Sedation, Anaesthesia, Surgical Conditions and Euthanasia." Pp. 68-79. Wallingford: CABI.
Duncanson, G. R. 2012. "Medicine and Surgery of the Urino-Genital System." Pp. 121-44. Wallingford: CABI.
Harreveld, P. D. van, S. M. Angelos, D. P. Gnad and D. C. van Metre. 2000. "Llama Castration." Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian 22(4):S88-S91.
Jarvinen, J. A. and J. M. Kinyon. 2010. "Preputial Microflora of Llamas (Lama Glama) and Alpacas (Vicugna Pacos)." Small Ruminant Research 90(1/3):156-60. doi: 10.1016/j.smallrumres.2010.01.007.
Johnson, L. W. 2005. "Small Ruminant Tips for the Small Animal Practitioner." Gainesville (http://www.tnavc.org
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Jones, M. L. 2013. "Castration." Pp. 293-97. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.
Nickolmann, S., S. Hoy and M. Gauly. 2001. "Effects of Castration on the Behaviour, and Testosterone and Serum Thyroid Hormone Levels of Male Llamas (Lama Glama)." Wageningen (https://www.cabdirect.org/cabdirect/abstract/20023109792).
Nickolmann, S., S. Hoy and M. Gauly. 2008. "Effects of Castration on the Behaviour of Male Llamas (Lama Glama)." Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere 36(5):319-23.
Pugh, D. G., A. N. Baird, D. F. Wolfe, J. G. W. Wenzel and H. C. Lin. 1994. "A Prescrotal Castration Technique for Llamas." Equine Practice 16(4):26-28.
Pugh, D. and M. Gauly. 1995. "Castration Technique for Llamas." Praktische Tierarzt 76(5):461-63.
Rousseau, M., D. E. Anderson, A. J. Niehaus, M. D. Miesner and S. Nichols. 2013. "Osseous Sequestration in Alpacas and Llamas: 36 Cases (1999-2010)." Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association 243(3):430-36. doi: 10.2460/javma.243.3.430.
Smith, M. A., R. D. Bush, P. C. Thomson and D. L. Hopkins. 2015. "Carcass Traits and Saleable Meat Yield of Alpacas (Vicugna Pacos) in Australia." Meat Sci 107:1-11.

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