Foot and Mouth Disease

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David, M., A. Torres, C. Mebus, B. J. Carrillo, A. Schudel, N. Fondevilla, J. B. Viera & F. E. Marcovecchio (1993) Further studies on foot-and-mouth disease in the llama (Lama glama). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the United States Animal Health Association, 97, 280-285.

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Fondevila, N. A., F. J. Marcoveccio, J. Bianco Viera, V. K. O'Donnell, B. J. Carillo, A. A. Schudel, M. David, A. Torres & C. A. Mebus (1995) Susceptibility of llamas (Lama glama) to infection with foot-and-mouth-disease virus. Journal of Veterinary Medicine. Series B, 42, 595-599.

Harmsen, M. M., H. P. D. Fijten, A. Dekker & P. L. Eblé (2008) Passive immunization of pigs with bispecific llama single-domain antibody fragments against foot-and-mouth disease and porcine immunoglobulin. Veterinary Microbiology, 132, 56-64.

Harmsen, M. M., H. P. D. Fijten, B. Engel, A. Dekker & P. L. Eblé (2009) Passive immunization with llama single-domain antibody fragments reduces foot-and-mouth disease transmission between pigs. Vaccine, 27, 1904-1911.

Harmsen, M. M., C. B. v. Solt, H. P. D. Fijten, L. v. Keulen, R. A. Rosalia, K. Weerdmeester, A. H. M. Cornelissen, M. G. M. d. Bruin, P. L. Eblé & A. Dekker (2007) Passive immunization of guinea pigs with llama single-domain antibody fragments against foot-and-mouth disease. Veterinary Microbiology, 120, 193-206.

Lubroch, J. & R. J. Yedloutschnig (1987) Foot-and-mouth disease studies in the llama (Lama glama). Proceedings of the United States Animal Health Association, 91, 313-316.

Marcoppido, G., V. Parreño & B. Vilá (2010) Antibodies to pathogenic livestock viruses in a wild vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) population in the Argentinean Andean Altiplano. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 46, 608-614.

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Mattson, D. E. (1994) Viral diseases [llama]. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 10, 345-351.

Puntel, M. (1997) Seroprevalence of viral infections in llamas (Lama glama) in Argentina. Revista Argentina de Microbiología, 29, 38-46.

Risco-Castillo, V., J. C. Wheeler, R. Rosadio, F. J. García-Peña, I. Arnaiz-Seco, D. Hoces, H. Castillo, Á. Veliz & L. M. Ortega-Mora (2014) Health impact evaluation of alternative management systems in vicuña (Vicugna vicugna mensalis) populations in Peru. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 46, 641-646.

Sarma, G., S. K. Das & P. K. Dutta (1983) Outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in deer in the Assam state zoo. Veterinary Record, 113, 420-421.

Smith, B. B. (1993) Major infectious and non-infectious diseases of the llama amd alpaca. Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 35, 33-39.

Sutmoller, P. & P. Taylor. 1998. An assessment of the risk of disease transmission by llama embryos. 251-275. Richmond: United States Animal Health Association.

Thomson, G. R. 1997. The role of carrier animals in the transmission of foot and mouth disease. 67-85 (Fr), 87-103 (En), 105-123 (Es). Paris: Office International des Epizooties.

Wernery, U. & O. R. Kaaden (2004) Foot-and-mouth disease in camelids: a review. Veterinary Journal, 168, 134-142.

Last Updated: 12.01.2020

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