History of Llamas

Anon (1988) Peter Scott: First Public Auction Camelids Camelid Chronicle   No.:4

Bourke, D. A. (1992) Camelids in Chile Camelid Chronicle 18 (Summer) 12-13.

Burke, R. L. (1990) The llama figurine in Andean prehistory : analysis of llama figurines from the Callejon de Huaylas, Peru.

Capriles, J. M.  (2014) The Economic Organization of Early Camelid Pastoralism in the Andean Highlands of Bolivia (Paperback)BAR Publishing, United Kingdom

Cowie, H., (2017) Llama London Reacktion 200pp.

Dransart, P. (2003) Earth, Water, Fleece and Fabric : An Ethnography and Archaeology of Andean Camelid Herding Routledge

Duke, G. S. (2019) 'Doing' Llama Face Stew: A Late Moche Culinary Assemblage as a Domestic Dedicatory Deposit. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 29, 517-535.

Flannery, K. V., (2009) The Flocks of the Wamani: A Study of llama herders on the punas of Ayacucho, Peru, Walfnut Creek, CA, Left Coact Press.

Fowler, Murray E. (1989). Medicine and Surgery of South American Camelids.(Ames: Iowa State University Press. Chapter 1 General Biologyand Evolution pp. 3-16.

Göbel, B. (2001) The symbolism of llama breeding in North-Western Argentina. Wageningen, Wageningen Pers. pp 175-180.

Güttler, E. (1992) Problems in the husbandry and breeding of llamas in the Argentinian Andes. Zoologische Garten 62, 23-32.

Healy, K. (2001) Llamas, weavings and organic chocolate: multicultural grassroots development in the Andes and Amazon of Bolivia. Notre Dame, University of Notre Dame Press.

Hollister, N. (1918) The Domestication of the Llama. Science, 47, 461.

Kessler, M. (1997) Studies on the geneology of New-World camelids (llama, alpaca and guanaco) by means of mitochondrial DNA. Structure and composition of the New-World camelid population of Germany. Fachbereich Veterinärmedizin, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen. p 176 pp.

Markermann, A., Stemmer, A., Siegmund-Schultze, M., Piepho, H. P. &  Zarate, A. V. (2009) Stated preferences of llama keeping functions in Bolivia. Livestock Science 124, 119-125.

Markermann, A.,  &  Zarate, A. V.  (2010) Traditional llama husbandry and breeding management in the Ayopaya region, Bolivia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42, 79-87.

Means, P.A., The Domestication of the Llama. Science, 1918. 47(1211): p. 268-269.
Marín, J. C., B. Zapata, B. A. González, C. Bonacic, J. C. Wheeler, C. Casey, M. W. Bruford, R. E.

Miller, G. & Burger, R. L., ‘Our Father the Cayman, Our Dinner the Llama: Animal Utilization at Chavin de Huantar, Peru’, American Antiquity, Vol. 60, No. 3 (July, 1995), pp. 421-458.

Melo, C., A. Manunza, M. Melo, L. Olivera & M. Amills. 2011. Analysis of the mitochondrial diversity of alpacas in nine farming areas of the southern region of Peru. 533-535. Zaragoza: Asociación Interprofesional para el Desarrollo Agrario.

Ochoa, Jorge Flores (1994) Gold of the Andes; The Llamas, Alpacas, Vicunas and Guanacos of South America. Volume One Pathey,

Palma, E. Means, P. A. (1918) The Domestication of the Llama. Science, 47, 268-269.

Paz, O. (1994) La llama doble : amor y erotismo. Barcelona, Seix Barral

Pollard, Gordon C., and Isabella M. Drew. (1975) “Llama Herding and Settlement in Prehispanic Northern Chile: Application of an Analysis for Determining Domestication.” American Antiquity, vol. 40, no. 3 (1975), pp. 296–305.

Porter, V., L. Alderson, S. J. G. Hall & D. P. Sponenberg. (2016). Mason's world encyclopedia of livestock breeds and breeding. Volume 1 and Volume 2.

Sanchez-Villagra, M. R., V. Segura, M. Geiger, L. Heck, K. Veitschegger & D. Flores (2017) On the lack of a universal pattern associated with mammalian domestication: differences in skull growth trajectories across phylogeny. Royal Society Open Science, 4, 170876.

Stordy, C. R. J. (1921) The Breeding of sheep, llamas and alpacas in Peru with a view to improving raw material to the textile trades’,  Journal of the Royal Society of Arts 69, 118-132.

Taylor, P., The Search of the Perfect Llama - The Argentine Story (unpublished paper)

------------, The Repro Story (unpublished paper)

Tomka, S.A. (1992). Vicuas as and llamas—parallels in behavioral ecology and implications for the domestication of Andean camelids. Hum. Ecol. 20: 407–33.

Wheeler, J. C., Russel, A. Y. F. &  Stanley, H. F. (1992) A measure of loss: prehispanic llama and alpaca breeds. Archivos de Zootecnia 41, 467-475.

Wheeler, J. C., (2012) South American Camelids, Past, Present and Future, Journal of Camelid Science, 5, (1), 1-24.

Yacobaccio, H. D. & B. L. Vilá (2016) A model for llama (Lama glama Linnaeus, 1758) domestication in the southern Andes. Anthropozoologica, 51, 5-13.

Last Updated: 1.1.2021

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