Injecting

  1. Ignacio San Andrés & S. Rubio-Langre (2017) Pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic analysis by Monte Carlo simulation of cefquinome in llamas, following intravenous, intramuscular and subcutaneous administration in serum and tissue cage fluid. Small Ruminant Research, 149, 134-140.

Amstel, S. R. v., A. B. Portmann, T. J. Doherty, S. J. Newman, J. W. Yarbrough & S. Cox (2009) Ivermectin concentrations in serum and cerebrospinal fluid after intravenous administration to healthy llamas. Journal of Camelid Science, 2, 41-49.

Anderson, D. E. 2013. Sedation and tranquilization. 35-38. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Carroll, G. L., D. M. Boothe, S. M. Hartsfield, E. A. Martinez, A. C. Spann & A. Hernandez (2001) Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of butorphanol in llamas after intravenous and intramuscular administration. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 219, 1263-1267.

Cavilla, M. V., C. P. Bianchi & M. A. Aba (2010) Oestradiol-17β plasma concentrations after intramuscular injection of oestradiol benzoate or oestradiol cypionate in llamas (Lama glama). Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica, 52, (11 February 2010).

Chapman, S. & P. Dobbs. 2015. The trials and tribulations of vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) anaesthesia at Twycross Zoo. 24. Loughborough: British Veterinary Zoological Society.

Cocquyt, C. M., S. Van Amstel, S. Cox, B. Rohrbach & T. MartÃn-Jiménez (2016) Pharmacokinetics of moxidectin in alpacas following administration of an oral or subcutaneous formulation. Res Vet Sci, 105, 160-4.

Cox, S., T. Martin-Jimenez, S. v. Amstel & T. Doherty (2011) Pharmacokinetics of intravenous and intramuscular tramadol in llamas. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 34, 259-264.

Drew, M. L., L. Johnson, D. Pugh, C. B. Navarre, I. T. Taylor & A. L. Craigmill (2004) Pharmacokinetics of ceftiofur in llamas and alpacas. Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, 27, 13-20.

DuBois, W. R., T. M. Prado, J. C. H. Ko, R. E. Mandsager & G. L. Morgan (2004) A comparison of two intramuscular doses of xylazine-ketamine combination and tolazoline reversal in llamas. Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia, 31, 90-96.

Gillespie, R. A. M., L. H. Williamson, T. H. Terrill & R. M. Kaplan (2010) Efficacy of anthelmintics on South American camelid (llama and alpaca) farms in Georgia. Veterinary Parasitology, 172, 168-171.

Grambow, H. J. & D. Timm (1973) [Use of the Steriven catheter for continuous intravenous infusion in cattle]. Deutsche Tierarztliche Wochenschrift, 80, 568-571.

Jones, M. L. 2013. Injections - subcutaneous (SC), intramuscular (IM), intradermal (ID), intravenous (IV). 29-32. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Junkins, K., D. M. Boothe, J. Jensen, T. Herzog & J. Chatfield (2003) Disposition of sulfadimethoxine in male llamas (Llama glama) after single intravenous and oral administrations. Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine, 34, 9-15.

Kreil, V., A. P. Prados, L. Ambros, A. Monfrinotti, P. Quaine, R. Hallu & M. Rebuelto (2014) Comparative pharmacokinetics of a single dose of ampicillin following intravenous, intramuscular and subcutaneous administration to llamas. Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria, 46, 271-276.

Kreil, V. E., L. Ambros, L. Montoya, R. Hallu, M. Rebuelto & G. Bramuglia (2012) Pharmacokinetics of sodium and trihydrate amoxicillin after intravenous and intramuscular administration in llamas (Lama glama). Small Ruminant Research, 102, 208-212.

Lackey, M. N., E. B. Belknap, D. S. Greco & M. J. Fettman (1996) Single intravenous and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in healthy llamas. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 57, 1193-1199.

Lakritz, J., J. R. Middleton, D. E. Anderson, D. R. Linden, R. A. Sams, R. K. Tessman & J. W. Tyler (2006) Pharmacokinetics of intravenously administered caffeine in healthy alpacas (Lama pacos) and llamas (Lama glama). American Journal of Veterinary Research, 67, 1063-1069.

Llamas, A. (2010) Fluid administration. Argos - Informativo Veterinario, 34, 35-36.

Marqués, F. J. (2008) Fluid therapy: general practical recommendations for camelids. Large Animal Veterinary Rounds, 8, 6 pp.

Pentecost, R. L., A. J. Niehaus, N. Werle & J. Lakritz (2015) Absorption and disposition of florfenicol after intravenous, intramuscular and subcutaneous dosing in alpacas. Res Vet Sci, 99, 199-203.

Pentecost, R. L., A. J. Niehaus, N. A. Werle & J. Lakritz (2013) Pharmacokinetics of florfenicol after intravenous and intramuscular dosing in llamas. Research in Veterinary Science, 95, 594-599.

Ratto, M. H., C. Ulloa-Leal, M. Silva, A. Fernandez & X. P. Valderrama (2016) Luteotrophic effect of OIF/NGF in llamas. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Producción Animal, 24, 101-106.

Rubio-Langre, S., J. J. d. Lucas, N. J. Litterio, S. Aguilar, J. C. Boggio & M. I. S. Andrés (2012) Pharmacokinetic behavior of marbofloxacin after intravenous, subcutaneous and intramuscular administrations in llamas (Lama glama). Small Ruminant Research, 106, 64-69.

Sansinena, M. J., S. A. Taylor, P. J. Taylor, E. E. Schmidt, R. S. Denniston & R. A. Godke (2007) In vitro production of llama (Lama glama) embryos by intracytoplasmic sperm injection: effect of chemical activation treatments and culture conditions. Animal Reproduction Science, 99, 342-353.

Seddighi, R., S. B. Elliot, B. K. Whitlock, C. M. Egger & T. J. Doherty (2013) Physiologic and antinociceptive effects following intramuscular administration of xylazine hydrochloride in combination with tiletamine-zolazepam in llamas. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 74, 530-534.

Sevil, M. B., M. J. Anadon-Baselga, M. T. Frejo, E. Llama & M. A. Capo (1996) Pharmacokinetic analysis of β-aminopropionitrile in rabbits. Veterinary Research, 27, 117-123.

Silva, M., A. Fernández, C. Ulloa-Leal, G. P. Adams, M. A. Berland & M. H. Ratto (2015) LH release and ovulatory response after intramuscular, intravenous, and intrauterine administration of β-nerve growth factor of seminal plasma origin in female llamas. Theriogenology, 84, 1096-1102.

Silva, M., C. Ulloa-Leal, C. Norambuena, A. Fernández, G. P. Adams & M. H. Ratto (2014) Ovulation-inducing factor (OIF/NGF) from seminal plasma origin enhances Corpus Luteum function in llamas regardless the preovulatory follicle diameter. Animal Reproduction Science, 148, 221-227.

Silva, M., C. Ulloa-Leal, X. P. Valderrama, O. A. Bogle, G. P. Adams & M. H. Ratto (2017) Nerve growth factor from seminal plasma origin (spβ-NGF) increases CL vascularization and level of mRNA expression of steroidogenic enzymes during the early stage of Corpus Luteum development in llamas. Theriogenology, 103, 69-75.

Silva, M., F. Urra, C. Ulloa-Leal & M. H. Ratto (2017) A comparative study of the effects of intramuscular administration of gonadorelin, mating and intrauterine infusion of either raw seminal plasma or seminal plasma purified β-NGF on luteal development in llamas. Reproduction in Domestic Animals, 52, 625-631.

Ulloa-Leal, C., O. A. Bogle, G. P. Adams & M. H. Ratto (2014) Luteotrophic effect of ovulation-inducing factor/nerve growth factor present in the seminal plasma of llamas. Theriogenology, 81, 1101-1107.

Waldridge, B. M., S. H. Duran, W. R. Ravis, R. Paxton, T. H. Herdt & D. G. Pugh (2004) Pharmacokinetics of subcutaneous selenium in adult llamas. Veterinary Therapeutics, 5, 272-278.

Yamaoka, T. T. & A. Auckburally (2015) The use of rocuronium for ophthalmological surgery in an alpaca. Vet Anaesth Analg, 42, 657-8.

Last Updated: 12.01.2020

© Copyright Hill View Llamas, Frodsham