Anderson, D. E., E. M. Gaughan, A. N. Baird, H. Lin & D. G. Pugh (1996) Laparoscopic surgical approach and anatomy of the abdomen in llamas. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 208, 111-116.

Belknap, E. B. (1994) Medical problems of llamas. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 10, 291-307.

Bildfell, R. J., P. Long & R. Sonn (2002) Cryptococcosis in a llama (Lama glama). Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation, 14, 337-339.

Cebra, C. K., F. B. Garry, B. E. Powers & L. W. Johnson (1995) Lymphosarcoma in 10 New World Camelids. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, 9, 381-385.

Chamorro, M. F., T. Passler, K. Joiner, R. H. Poppenga, J. Bayne & P. H. Walz (2013) Acute renal failure in 2 adult llamas after exposure to oak trees (Quercus spp.). Canadian Veterinary Journal, 54, 61-64.

Chatalic, K. L., J. Veldhoven-Zweistra, M. Bolkestein, S. Hoeben, G. A. Koning, O. C. Boerman, M. de Jong & W. M. van Weerden (2015) A Novel ¹¹¹In-Labeled Anti-Prostate-Specific Membrane Antigen Nanobody for Targeted SPECT/CT Imaging of Prostate Cancer. J Nucl Med, 56, 1094-9.

Dubey, J. P., T. K. Newell, S. K. Verma, R. Calero-Bernal & E. L. Stevens (2014) Toxoplasma gondii infection in Llama (Llama glama): acute visceral disseminated lesions, diagnosis, and development of tissue cysts. Journal of Parasitology, 100, 288-294.

--- (2016) Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Llama (Llama glama): Acute Visceral Disseminated Lesions, Diagnosis, and Development of Tissue Cysts. Journal of parasitology.

Gerros, T. C. (1998) Recognizing and treating urolithiasis in llamas. Veterinary Medicine, 93, 583-590.

Hutchison, J. M., E. B. Belknap & R. J. Williams (1993) Acute renal failure in the llama (Lama glama). Cornell Veterinarian, 83, 39-46.

Kozikowski, T. A., K. G. Magdesian & B. Puschner (2009) Oleander intoxication in New World camelids: 12 cases (1995-2006). Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 235, 305-310.

Lackey, M. N., E. B. Belknap, D. S. Greco & M. J. Fettman (1996) Single intravenous and multiple dose pharmacokinetics of gentamicin in healthy llamas. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 57, 1193-1199.

Lackey, M. N., E. B. Belknap, M. D. Salman, L. Tinguely & L. W. Johnson (1995) Urinary indices in llamas fed different diets. American Journal of Veterinary Research, 56, 859-865.

Meyer, G., C. Lacroux, S. Léger, S. Top, K. Goyeau, M. Deplanche & M. Lemaire (2009) Lethal bluetongue virus serotype 1 infection in llamas. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 15, 608-610.

Miesner, M. D. 2013. Anatomical comments on the camelid abdomen. 157-159. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

--------- 2013. Ultrasound of the urinary system. 227-231. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Patel, J. H., C. Kosheluk & P. N. Nation (2004) Renal teratoma in a llama. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 45, 938-940.

Roth, C. & M. Ganter (2007) Urolithiasis in a gelded llama. Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere, 35, 446-452.

Theuss, T., D. Goerigk, S. Rasenberger, A. Starke & H. A. Schoon (2014) Pathology of South American Camelids: a retrospective study of necropsies at the institute of veterinary pathology, university of Leipzig, Germany. Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere, 42, 278-288.

Wintour, E. M., R. Riquelme, C. Gaete, C. Rabasa, E. Sanhueza, M. Silver, M. Towstoless & A. Llanos (1995) Renal function in the chronically cannulated fetal llama: comparison with studies in the ovine fetus. Reproduction, Fertility and Development, 7, 1311-1319.

Last Updated: 13.01.2020

© Copyright Hill View Llamas, Frodsham