Nutrition

(1988) Nutrition of Camelids Camelid Chronicle   No. 3

 Andrews, A. H. & A. Cox (1997) Suspected nutritional deficiency causing anaemia in llamas (Lama glama). Veterinary Record, 140, 153-154.

Antkowiak, M. 1999. Malnutrition and hypothermia in a neonatal llama.

Bennett, M. M. & N. L. Richards (2015) Camelid wellness. Vet Clin North Am Exot Anim Pract, 18, 255-80.

Cebra, C., D. E. Anderson, A. Tibary, R. J. Van Saun & L. R. W. Johnson. 2014. Llama and Alpaca Care: Medicine, Surgery, Reproduction, Nutrition, and Herd Health. Elsevier Health Sciences.

Coleby, P. 2000. Natural goat and alpaca care. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.

Dumont, B. & M. Meuret (1993) Intake dynamics of goats and llamas feeding on garrigue grazing lands. Annales de Zootechnie, 42, 193.

Duncanson, G. R. 2012. Nutrition and metabolic diseases. 13-21.

Hervas Ordoñez, T. (1994) Llamas, llama production and llama nutrition in the Ecuador Highlands. Journal of Arid Environments, 26, 67-71.

Hovda, L. R., S. M. McGuirk & D. P. Lunn (1990) Total parenteral nutrition in a neonatal llama. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 196, 319-322.

Jalali, A. R., M. R. Weisbjerg, E. Nadeau, Ǻ. T. Randby, B. O. Rustas, M. Eknæs & P. Nørgaard (2015) Effects of forage type, animal characteristics and feed intake on faecal particle size in goat, sheep, llama and cattle. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 208, 53-65.

Johnson, L. W. (1994) Llama nutrition. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 10, 187-201.

Kayouli, C., C. Dardillat & J. P. Jouany (1993) Comparative study of the muralytic activity of rumen microbes measured in situ in llamas and sheep. Annales de Zootechnie, 42, 184.

Kiani, A., L. Alstrup &  Nielsen J. D. (2015) Differential metabolic and endocrine adaptations in llamas, sheep, and goats fed high- and low-protein grass-based diets. Domest Anim Endocrinol, 53, 9-16 ST  - Differential metabolic and endocrine adaptations in llamas, sheep, and goats fed high- and low-protein grass-based diets.

Linden, D. R., D. E. Anderson, J. Lakritz, D. M. Rings, P. M. Ramsey & N. Evans (2007) Apparent digestibility of organic zinc forms in llama (Lama glama) and alpaca (Lama pacos). Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 14, 181-185.

Long, P. (1999) A practitioner approach to llama and alpaca nutrition. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 6, 275-277.

-------- 2004. A practitioner approach to llama and alpaca nutrition. 747-749. Bikaner: The Camelid Publishers.

López, A. & L. A. Raggi (1992) Nutritional requirements of South American Camelidae: llamas (Lama glama) and alpacas (Lama pacos). Archivos de Medicina Veterinaria, 24, 121-130.

Martin, F. S. & F. C. Bryant (1989) Nutrition of domesticated South American llamas and alpacas. Small Ruminant Research, 2, 191-216.

Matthewman, L. & K. Allenspach (2013) Pre and probiotics - practical applicatons for VNs in practice. VN Times, 13, 8-9.

Navarre, C. B. 2003. Simplified nutrition of camelids. 287-289. Gainesville: The North American Veterinary Conference.

Nielsen, M. O., A. Kiani, E. Tejada, A. Chwalibog & L. Alstrup (2014) Energy metabolism and methane production in llamas, sheep and goats fed high- and low-quality grass-based diets. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 68, 171-185.

Nielsen, M. O., E. Tejada, A. Chwalibog, A. H. Tauson & L. Nielsen. 2010. Digestive efficiency, metabolism of nitrogen and methane emission in sheep, goats and llamas fed grass based diets differing in protein content. 497-498. Wageningen: Wageningen Academic Publishers.

Nilsen, B., N. P. Johnston, N. Stevens & T. F. Robinson (2015) Degradation parameters of amaranth, barley and quinoa in alpacas fed grass hay. J Anim Physiol Anim Nutr (Berl), 99, 873-9.

Norambuena, M. C., M. Silva, F. Urra, C. Ulloa-Leal, A. Fernández, G. P. Adams, W. Huanca & M. H. Ratto (2013) Effects of nutritional restriction on metabolic, endocrine, and ovarian function in llamas (Lama glama). Animal Reproduction Science, 138, 252-260.

Ordoñez, T. H. (1994) Llamas, llama production and llama nutrition in the Ecuador highlands. Journal of arid environments, 26, 67-71.

Rahn-Chique, K., N. Carrion, and M. Murillo, Determination of copper, magnesium and zinc in mononuclear leukocytes by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. Investigación Clínica, 2012. 53(4): p. 342-352.

Reiner, R. J. 1985. Nutrition of alpacas grazing high altitude rangeland in southern Peru. Texas Tech University.

Rubsamen, K. & W. v. Engelhardt (1975) Water metabolism in the llama. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, A, 52, 595-598.

San Martin, F. & F. C. Bryant. 1993. Comparative Nutrition Of Sheep And Camelids. In Proceedings, Small Ruminant Workshop, 93. Small Ruminant CRSP, University of California, Davis.

Saun, R. J., (2006) Nutritional diseases of South American camelids. Small Ruminant Research, 61, 153-164.

--- ----------(2008) Effect of nutrition on reproduction in llamas and alpacas. Theriogenology, 70, 508-514.

--- ----------(2009) Nutritional diseases of llamas and alpacas. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 25, 797-810.

-------------- (2009) Nutritional requirements and assessing nutritional status in camelids. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 25, 265-279.

Saun, R. J. , B. R. Callihan & S. J. Tornquist (2000) Nutritional support for treatment of hepatic lipidosis in a llama. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, 217, 1531-1535.

Saun, R.  2010. Nutritional unbalances in camelids. unpaginated. Santiago: World Buiatrics Association.

Stölzl, A. M., C. Lambertz, J. Hummel, G. Breves & M. Gauly (2017) Dry matter intake and feed selection in South American camelids under Central European conditions: do gender or species specific differences on different hay qualities exist? Berliner und Münchener Tierärztliche Wochenschrift, 130, 415-423.

Sumar, J. 2010. Nutrition in camelids. 343-357. Santiago: World Buiatrics Association.

Silva, M. E., M. G. Colazo & M. H. Ratto (2012) GnRH dose reduction decreases pituitary LH release and ovulatory response but does not affect corpus luteum (CL) development and function in llamas. Theriogenology, 77, 1802-1810.

Van Saun, R. (2008) Effect of nutrition on reproduction in llamas and alpacas. Theriogenology, 70, 508-514.

Van Saun, R. J. (2009) Nutritional requirements and assessing nutritional status in camelids. Veterinary Clinics of North America: Food Animal Practice, 25, 265-279.

Wauters, J. J. M., N. Duchi, P. Guevara, W. Onate, P. Castillo, J. Lopez & R. d. Wilde. 2004. Comparison of the digestibility of paja de paramo and barley straw between sheep (Ovis aries), llamas (Lama glama) and alpacas (Lama paco). 766-769. Bikaner: The Camelid Publishers.

Weaver, D. M., J. W. Tyler, R. S. Marion, S. W. Casteel, C. M. Loiacono & J. R. Turk (1999) Subclinical copper accumulation in llamas. Canadian Veterinary Journal, 40, 422-424.

Wolf, P. & J. Kamphues (2009) Questions arising in the field of veterinary dietary advisory services concerning small rodents. Kleintierpraxis, 54, 317-321.

 

Last Updated: 13.01.2020

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