Restraint

Abrahamsen, E. J. (2009) Chemical restraint, anesthesia, and analgesia for camelids. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 25, 455-494.

Anderson, D. E. 2012. Anesthesia, analgesia, and chemical restraint in the clinic and on the farm - Part 1: Handling, restraint, and field anesthesia of camelids. unpaginated. Gainesville: The North American Veterinary Conference.

----------2013. Manual restraint. 15-21. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

--------- 2013. Sedation and tranquilization. 35-38. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

Anderson, D. E., F. Silveira & T. Grubb (1999) Effects of venipuncture and correlation of plasma, serum and saliva cortisol concentration with transportation stress in camelids. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 6, 249-254.

Chapman, S. & P. Dobbs. 2015. The trials and tribulations of vicuña (Vicugna vicugna) anaesthesia at Twycross Zoo. 24. Loughborough: British Veterinary Zoological Society.

Davis, I. A., J. R. McGaffin & G. D. Kuchinka (1996) Intravenous catheterization of the external jugular vein in llamas. Compendium on Continuing Education for the Practicing Veterinarian, 18, 330-335.

Jones, M. L. Ear squeeze (ear twitch). 27-28. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

-------- 2013. Haltering. 11-13. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

---------2013. Injections - subcutaneous (SC), intramuscular (IM), intradermal (ID), intravenous (IV). 29-32. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

----------2013. Toenail trimming. 135-137. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons.

McGee, M. (1994) Llama handling and training. Veterinary Clinics of North America, Food Animal Practice, 10, 421-434.

Schmidt, N. 2010. What small animal technicians and assistants need to know about small ruminants. 142-145. Gainesville: The North American Veterinary Conference.

Williamson, L. H. 2014. Ten reasons to be called to a camelid farm and what you need to know before you get there. unpaginated. Gainesville: North American Veterinary Community (NAVC).

Last Updated: 13.01.2020

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